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Minimum Effective Doses of Vaccine Against Bovine Trichophytosis

RYBNIKAR A, VRZAL V, CHUMELA J
Veterinarni Medicina 36, 1991, 593-597

Calves at the age of one month were vaccinated with a lyophilized vaccine against bovine trichophytosis, or with a avirulent vaccine against bovine trichophytosis (mfd by Bioveta, Ivanovice in Hana). Prophylactic doses of the vaccines (15 mil. CFU of production strain Trichophyton verrucosum per calf) were used for immunization, and doses 10 times, 100 times and 1000 times lower. The calves were revaccinated with the same doses in 12 days after the first vaccination. Twenty-eight days later since revaccination, the vaccinated calves and a group of control nonvaccinated calves was challenged epicutaneously with a virulent strain of T. verrucosum. The protectiveness of both vaccines implanted at doses of 2 x 15 mil. and 2 x 1.5 mil. CFU per test animal was very good (Tabs. I and II). No dermal lesions were observed in the challenged calves of these groups, or if any, they were not clear and could be observed for a short time. If the vaccines were used diluted at a ratio 10(-2) (150 thousand CFU of production strain), trichophytic lesions persisting for the whole of observation were found in four of the seven calves vaccinated with a lyophilized vaccine against bovine trichophytosis and in two of the eight calves implanted an avirulent vaccine after challenge. Mycotic lesions were formed after challenge in all test animals in the groups vaccinated with doses of 2 x 15 thousand CFU of production strain per calf. The extent of these lesions was practically the same as in all nonvaccinated controls - on the surface of infected skin the hair was shed and scales and crusts were formed. A challenge strain of T. verrucosum was cultivated from these lesions


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