Devitalization of Bacterial and Parasitic Germs in Sewage-Sludge During Aerobic Digestion Under Laboratory Conditions

Veterinarni Medicina 40, 1995, 157-162

The survival of 8 bacterial species (Pseudomonas sp., Salmonella sp., Enterobacteriae, Streptococcus sp., Escherichia coli) was detected in municipal sewage sludge up to 37 hours of mesophilic aerobic digestion under laboratory conditions. The model strain Enterococcus faecium CCM 4231 survived almost twice as long as the above-mentioned isolates. Similar findings, regarding the viability of the microorganisms studied, were also determined during thermophilic aerobic digestion of municipal sewage sludges. The final reduction in the total count of bacteria was not directly dependent on the temperature during aerobic digestion. It may be supposed that E. faecium CCM 4231 strain as a bacteriocin-producing strain with a broad antimicrobial spectrum, inoculated into the sludges, could inhibit the growth of microorganisms in the sludges by the way of its bacteriocin activity. Studying the effect of aerobic digestion on the viability of helminth eggs, the observed negative effect of higher temperatures was more expressive in comparison with bacterial strains. During thermophilic digestion process all helminth eggs (Ascaris suum, Toxocara canis) were devitalized. All eggs of T. canis were killed in experiments under mesophilic temperature. However, 32% of nonembryonated A. suum eggs remained viable

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