Dynamics of Changes in Concentrations of Cholesterol and Thyroid and Ovarian Hormones in Blood-Serum During Postparturient Period of Ewes

Veterinarni Medicina 36, 1991, 673-684

Postparturient anoestry, spontaneously changing over to seasonal anoestry, represents an important reserve of full utilization of the reproductive potential of sheep. In spite of the fact that the length of gestation in sheep only amounts to 148 days (+/- 5 days), inability of most sheep to enter the cycle during the spring season acts as a factor limiting the number of lambings - and at the same time production of lambs - to one lambing per year. In order to obtain more detailed knowledge of hormonal conditions in sheep puerpery, the presented work was directed at the study of dynamic changes in concentrations of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), 17 beta-estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4) and cholesterol (Chol) in the blood serum of ewes and at their mutual correlative dependences between the 36th hour and the 51st postparturient day. The observation was carried out in nine nursing ewes of the Slovak Merino breed, with average weight 40-50 kg, lambed in January and February. Blood was sampled by means of jugular vein puncture 14 days (- 14th day) before parturition (a. p.), up to 36 h after parturition (p. p.) and on day 4, 7, 14, 17, 21, 25, 34, 42 and 51 p. p. In the period from the 36th h to day 21 p. p., concentrations of T4 (Tab. I, Fig. 1) showed a decreasing tendency compared to the starting - 14th day (69.55 +/- 0.12 nmol. -1) with the exception of a temporary increase on the 7th day p. p. The lowest values were recorded on days 4 and 21 p. p. (45.66 +/- 21.61 nmol. l-1, P < 0.05 and 54.89 +/- 11.06 nmol.l-1, P < 0.05, resp.). An increase of these values to the starting level was observed between days 25 and 51 p. p. Compared to the values on -14th day (0.76 +/- 0.22 nmol. l-1), a significant increase of T3 concentrations (Tab. I, Fig. 2) was recorded at the 36th h and on days 4 and 7 p. p. with the highest values (1,48 +/- +/- 0.34 nmol. l-1, P < 0.001) at 36 h p. p. After the temporary decrease between days 14 and 21 p. p. its concentrations showed a constantly rising tendency statistically significant on days 34, 42 and 51 p. p., compared to the -14th day (P < 0.05). Concentrations of E2 (Tab. I, Fig. 3) reached the values of 0.44 +/- 0.41 nmol.l-1 on the -14th day. Concentrations observed from the 36th h to the end of the followed period varied at levels which were significantly lower than those recorded on the -14th day. The lowest significant values were observed on days 25, 34 and 51 (P < 0.05

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