Detection of Residues of Some Foreign Substances in the Tissues of Bull and Cow Genitals and in Bull Sperm

Veterinarni Medicina 36, 1991, 203-211

The presence of residues of some chemical foreign substances in the tissues of cow and bull genitals and in sire sperm was investigated due to frequently occurring reproductive disorders in some large cow herds, mainly with the large-scale rearing system. Negative effects of these substances on the reproductive process of cows and bulls were supposed to be exerted. In keeping with the opinions and data mentioned by some authors in the literature there is a fact that the sperm and tissues of genitals belong to those biological materials which are the first to respond to the toxic effects of different chemicals by disorders of their physiological functions. These disorders, mainly in sperm cells, can be evaluated objectively from the recorded changes in physical and biological characteristics. The chemicals under investigation were residues of hexachlorobenzene (HCB), alpha, beta, gamma hexachlorocyclohexane isomers, SIGMA-DDT and its metabolites and of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). The concentrations of the residues of these substances in the examined biological materials were very low, in some cases they were not detected at all. It is therefore supposed that these residues could not exert and significant effects on the physiological functions of examined cows and bulls with respect to their reproductive organs. These examinations should become more extensive and thorough, mainly in the herds and regions exposed to potential contamination

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