The Effects of Monensin (Usa, Csfr, Bulgaria) on the Fermentation of Feed Rations in A Artificial Rumen (Rusitec)

Veterinarni Medicina 37, 1992, 11-19

An experiment was made with the Rumen Simulation Technique (Rusitec) in which the fermentation of a mixed ration of hay (12.8 g/d) and bruised barley (3.2 g/d) was compared with the fermentation of the same diet in the presence of 5 mg monensin/d from the USA, CSFR and Bulgaria. The fermentation of the mixed ration was significantly affected by all three kinds of monensin. The digestibility of dry matter (DM) in the rations declined in the presence of monensin from 48 % to 40 % (tab. I). The digestibility of detergent fibre, cellulose and hemicellulose also declined in the presence of monensin (tab. I). The production of methane decreased (-70 %) and CO2 production dropped too, but this decrease could be accounted for by the changes in the production of volatile fatty acids and redistribution of metabolic hydrogen (tab. I). Monensin decreased the production of total volatile fatty acids (-21 %), the production of acetic (-35 %), n-butyric, n-valeric and isovaleric acids (tab. II) and increased the production of propionic acid (+60 %). The production, utilization and recovery of metabolic hydrogen were significantly increased in the presence of all three kinds of monensin (tab. IV). The end products of fermentation were affected by an addition of monensin to the mixed ration. All three kinds of monensin increased energic efficiency of volatile fatty acids, decreased adenosinetriphosphate (ATP) production, the amounts of fermented hexose, organic matter fermented and utilization of glucose (tab. III). The efficiency of microbial matter synthesis (Y(ATP)) by the effect of monensin from the USA, CSFR and Bulgaria increased from 6.20 to 9.55

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